The target area is principally agropastoral, meaning that the active population spends most of the time with agricultural or pastoral as well as market gardening activities in zones where this is possible. However, the actors face structural and situational difficulties.
The structural difficulties are particularly due to the scarce rainfall as well as its unequal spatio-temporal repartition. The situational difficulties are the low knowledge of new cultural techniques, a weak accompaniment, the poverty of the producers, the insufficiency of pastureland, demographic pressure and low access to improved seeds as well as adequate agricultural tools.
Although livestock breeding is quite common in the target regions, the conditions are not ideal, because there are frequent occurrences of illnesses that weaken or decimate the households’ production. Moreover, insufficient pastureland hinders the development of the production of small and big ruminants.
Nutrition on household level suffers on the one hand from the weak diversification of meals and on the other hand of the weak capacity of processing local products for consumption. The consequence of this are new cases of malnutrition among children of under 5 years of age and pregnant and breastfeeding mothers.
The villages concerned also face low access to drinking water for the populations and surface water that could be used for gardening or animal watering.
Hence, within the COMPASS programme, OCADES Kaya will aim at achieving the following changes in the Centre Nord Region:
- 1.700 households have diversified their agricultural production
- 1.190 households have adopted sustainable agricultural practices on their fields and report that lean periods have been reduced
- 1.190 households are practicing methods of post-harvest loss
- 600 households have additional livestock assets while preserving necessary natural resources
- 700 households report to have additional income through the sale of agricultural and/or livestock products
- 1.020 households are active members of saving schemes
- 1.700 households have increased awareness of the need to protect natural resources
- 1.360 households have adopted new practices to limit negative effects on the environment (2.000 ha of land rehabilitated)
- 650 households have access to water in acceptable quantity, quality and distance
- 600 households have adopted good hygienic and sanitary practices
- 1.000 households are putting into practice strategies for preventing malnutrition of household members, especially children under five