The project is located in Central Rift Valley areas where crop and livestock production as well as productivity are affected by climate change and unpredictability. Particularly, most of the project areas are prone to recurrent drought and deforestation and some are low land which is likely to be affected by floods and soil erosion. This is why COMPASS in Ethiopia is introducing innovative methods to improve soil fertility and the grounds’ water-holding capacity (e.g. watershed approach).
The shortage of rain results in low crops production which contributes to food insecurity in the areas. But also, unsustainable farming practices, a low level of product diversification and market integration as well as limited incomes exacerbate the situation, increasing food and nutritional insecurity.
In recent times, farmers in the areas also face numerous problems related to the high price of inputs linked to the international market. The shortage of cash is closely connected to the inability to purchase necessary inputs, particularly seeds and fertilizers.
Hence, within the COMPASS programme, Meki Catholic Secretariat will aim at achieving the following changes in Oromia regional state – East Shoa Zone:
- 1.200 households have diversified their agricultural production
- 1.200 households have adopted sustainable agricultural practices on their fields and report that lean periods have been reduced
- 600 households are practicing methods of post-harvest loss
- 600 households have additional livestock assets while preserving necessary natural resources
- 600 households report to have additional income through the sale of agricultural and/or livestock products
- 2.100 households are active members of saving schemes
- 600 households have increased awareness of the need to protect natural resources
- 600 households have adopted new practices to limit negative effects on the environment (60 ha of land rehabilitated)
- 300 households are putting into practice strategies for preventing malnutrition of household members, especially children under five